A Mumbai PMLA decide declared jeweller Nirav Modi, key accused inside the Punjab national financial institution (PNB) fraud case, a “fugitive monetary perpetrator” (FEO) based totally on a plea by way of the Enforcement Directorate (ED). historical past At the beginning of this 12 months, a special court docket had declared liquor baron Vijay Mallya an FEO, additionally on a plea through the ED, the first such designation of an accused person. information An FEO is defined through The Fugitive financial Offenders (FEO) Act, 2018 as “any person towards whom a warrant for arrest in terms of a scheduled offence has been issued by any court in India, who (i) has left India as a way to avoid criminal prosecution; or (ii) being abroad, refuses to go back to India to stand crook prosecution”. The FEO Act targets “to offer for measures to discourage fugitive economic offenders from evading the procedure of regulation in India with the aid of staying outdoor the jurisdiction of Indian courts, to keep the sanctity of the guideline of regulation in India and for subjects related therewith or incidental thereto”. financial offences relate to fraud, counterfeiting, money-laundering, tax evasion, and so on. most of the laws available for prosecuting those offences are The Prevention of money-Laundering Act (PMLA), 2002, The Benami residences Transactions Act, 1988, and The groups Act, 2013. need for the Act The Finance Ministry launched a draft bill to deal with instances of high-value financial offenders fleeing the united states of america to avoid prosecution. It found that existing civil and crook laws did now not contain specific provisions to cope with such offenders, and that a brand new prison framework became had to prosecute them. The ministry also argues that strategies under those laws were time-consuming, caused roadblocks in investigation and impacted the economic fitness of banks. manner for affirming economic perpetrator under the Act, an utility must be filed inside the special court docket asking that a specific character can be declared an FEO. The utility must be followed by using “reasons for the notion that an person is a fugitive monetary culprit; any records to be had as to the whereabouts of the fugitive financial culprit; a list of residences or the cost of such properties believed to be the proceeds of crime”, and so forth. The special court docket may also then difficulty be aware to the person to appear at a certain place, and drop the lawsuits if the man or woman complies. If the special court docket is glad that an character is an FEO, it may, report so in an order, alongside reasons. The court docket might also then order the confiscation of the houses of the accused person in India or abroad.